The whole Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin is designated as a World Heritage Site, according to the Unesco declaration in 1998. This is a collection of rock art sites in the eastern half of Spain, notable for the large number of places you have this type of art, the largest concentration in Europe. Its name refers to the Mediterranean Basin; however, while some sites are located near the sea, many of them are inland in communities such as Aragon and Castile-La Mancha.
The chronology of this art overlaps with that of Iberian schematic art, being dated from more or less 10,000 BC (before the start of the Neolithic) to the appearance of the first copper objects (the Chalcolithic) around 4500 BC. The belief system expressed by farming peoples, based on the abstract, is radically different from that of hunting parties, authors of Mediterranean Art, as can be seen in the spatial coincidences that occur in some territories of both.
It was first discovered in Teruel in 1903. Juan Cabre was the first to study this art, defining it as a regional Palaeolithic art. Then it was considered an art parallel to the Paleolithic paintings found in caves: according to this view, it would be the product of a putative Capsian group from North Africa. Beltran was the first to place the beginning of this art in the Epipaleolithic or Mesolithic, placing its heyday in the Neolithic period. Accepting a post-Paleolithic age for the art, Gravel devised a new chronological scheme in the 1960s, dividing the art into four stages:
It is considered that Levantine art is expressed primarily in paintings, its focus is the spiritual life (?) of man, whose figure is represented in a simplified form. There is no hierarchy in the scenes. You see the artist’s attempt to place the elements of his painting in space. A clear example of this art is “The Dancers of Cogul” where you can see how it represents the movement.
The human figure (anthropomorphism), which is rare in Paleolithic Art, ac…
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